iLrn Kapitel 3

iLrn Kapitel 3

Here are all the iLrn activities due in this chapter, in the order in which they were assigned!

  • Click here to review the multiple ways in which the iLrn assignments are flexible, AND for some important information on how to use iLrn (please don’t skip the details about “Mechanics” at the end!).
  • S:3-1O (Click here for more info!), S:3-1P
  • S:3-2F, S:3-3B
  • T:3-23, T:3-24 & T:3-25 as follows: First do T:3-23 (Wortdetektiv); then scan the “Heidelberg und Mannheim” text (V Seite 102-3) for the answers to T:3-24; and finally read the text thoroughly in order to do T:3-25
  • S:3-2B (Click here for more info!), S:3-2C
  • S:3-1E (Click here for more info!), S:3-1F (Click here for more info!), S:3-1N, S:3-1Q, S:3-2G (Do listen to the preliminary vocabulary list on the audio track, but then IGNORE the instructions to record yourself repeating that vocab for Teil 1. Instead, SCROLL DOWN to the questions in Teil 2 and answer them as the audio track continues)
  • RECOMMENDED (but NOT required!):
    • **Uncheck the “View assigned activities only” checkbox in the Assignment Calendar on iLrn in order to see the recommended exercises**
    • T:3-6 (review of the Anlauftext), S:3-1J (food vocab practice — Click here for more info!)
    • S:3-1C (practice (mostly) stem-changing verbs), S:3-1D (practice (mostly) stem-changing verbs; Click here for more info!), S:3-1T (food vocab and review of numbers)
    • S:3-1G (Good practice with Possessive Adjectives in the Accusative, but a bit confusing to figure out what exactly you’re supposed to do, so click here for more info!), S:3-1L (Possessive Adjective and food vocab), S:3-2H (Good, but very tricky practice with Possessive Adjectives in the Accusative and with Accusative Pronouns ==> you can learn a lot from clicking here to read a detailed explanation of the answers, then listening to the audio and trying the questions, then looking at the explanation again. The exercise itself is very short, so this won’t take you very long!)
    • HIGHLY RECOMMENDED: Click on the “Video Library” tab, ignore the first video, and watch the three short interviews: Was essen Sie gern?, Was machen Sie in Ihrer Freizeit? and Was können Sie besonders gut oder gar nicht gut? [=What are you especially good at or not at all good at?].

iLrn Kapitel 3 – Additional notes

S:3-1D: This is great practice of the he/she/it forms of regular and stem-changing verbs, but it’s rather long ==> if you like the verb practice but get tired of all the typing, just write in the verb form they’re looking for, and then when you click “Submit” and see the model answers, check whether you got the verb forms right.

S:3-1E: In order to decide on the correct possessive adjective, look at how you are addressing the person you are talking to:

  • Herr Klassen, Herr und Frau Harno? ==> Ihr__ (the possessive adjective corresponding to “Sie”)
  • Annette, Sebastian ==> dein__ (the possessive adjective corresponding to “du”)
  • Nick und Veronika ==> euer/eur__ (the possessive adjective corresponding to “ihr”)

Once you’ve picked the correct possessive adjective, look at the word it refers (i.e. the jacket, the jeans etc.) to to decide on the ending. These possessive adjectives are all in the Nominative, so it’s easy: no ending (i.e. Ihr, dein, euer) for masculine and neuter objects; -e endings for feminine and plural objects (i.e. Ihre, deine, eure)

S:3-1F: Similar to S:3-1E, but this time you’re not talking to the people listed; instead, the two girls you overheard are talking about these people, so they are using possessive pronouns meaning his/her/its/their, not possessive pronouns meaning your as was the case for S:3-1E.

  • ==> When they’re talking about a man, they will use “sein__.” When they’re talking about a woman, or about more than one person, they will use “ihr__”
  • The endings (no ending or -e) will depend on the object (or person) being referred to by the possessive adjective (her short hair, his wife, her perfume, etc.)

S:3-1G: Similar to S:3-1E and S:3-1F, but this time there are more possibilities for the possessive adjectives, and you need Accusative endings for them, since in each case you’re saying that you don’t see X, which puts X in the Accusative (the person doing the seeing is in the Nominative; the person being seen is in the Accusative). Here’s what all this means in detail:

  • The endings you’ll be choosing from are -en (masculine Accusative), nothing (neuter Accusative), or -e (feminine or plural Accusative)
  • A person asks you “Where is our friend Dieter?” ==> you say “I don’t see our friend Dieter” ==> use “unser__.” Dieter is masculine and in the Accusative ==> Ich sehe unseren Freund Dieter nicht.
  • A person asks you “Where are my CDs?” ==> you say “I don’t see your CDs” ==> use “dein__” (this sounds like a party for younger people, so you’d be using “du” rather than “Sie”). The CDs are plural ==> Ich sehe deine CDs nicht.
  • A person asks you “Where is your pullover?” ==> you say “I don’t see my pullover” ==> use “mein__.” Der Pullover is masculine and in the Accusative ==> Ich sehe meinen Pullover nicht.
  • In the same way, when you’re talking about Lars & Inge, you’ll use “ihr__” (their); when you’re talking about Ellen’s brother, you’ll use “ihr__” (her); when you’re talking about Harry’s mineral water, you’ll use “sein__” (his).

S:3-1J: Great practice: shows you names for foods the way you might really see them on a menu, rather than on a vocab list, and lets you practice the forms of “möchten.” But typing the names of all those foods would take much too long ==> type in the correct form of “möchten” (see below), and then just copy and paste the appropriate food, and insert “essen” and “trinken” in the appropriate places.

  • You can figure out from the prompt how you should be addressing people:
    • du bist ==> möchtest du…
    • ihr seid ==> möchtet ihr…
    • Sie sind ==> möchten Sie
  • Make sure the food you choose makes sense for the meal listed in the prompt (zum Frühstück, zum Mittagessen, zum Abendessen)

S:3-1O: Remember that the Accusative pronoun you choose will rhyme with the article for the noun that the pronoun is replacing: den Friedrichsplatz ==> ihndie ==> siedas ==> es.

  • (We applied this same trick to the Nominative pronouns in Kapitel 1: der Tisch ==> er, die Tasse ==> sie, das Baby ==> es, die Kinder ==> sie)
  • As for the verb forms:
    • Sehen Sie… ==> Ja, ich sehe…
    • Können Sie… ==> Ja, ich kann… OR Ja, ich sehe…
    • Können Sie und Ihr Freund… ==> Ja, wir können… OR Ja, wir sehen…
    • Kann Ihr Freund… ==> Ja, er kann… OR Ja, er sieht…
    • Sehen Sie zwei… ==> Ja, wir sehen…
    • Wollen Sie… ==> Ja, ich will…

S:3-2B:Ein Trimm-Dich-Pfad (a “fitness path”) is a jogging path, typically in a forest, where one can do various exercises like push-ups and pull-ups along the way. The Trimm-Dich-Pfad will come up again in the Kapitel 5 iLrn listening activities. Other useful vocab for this text:

  • wie immer = as always
  • am Vormittag = in the late morning (“pre-noon”)
  • Lebensmittel einkaufen = go shopping for groceries
  • ein Käsebrot = a roll or small sandwich with cheese
  • Daniel Brühl = a popular actor – see p. 74 of the book for a picture of him!
  • wenn du mit dem Einkaufen fertig bist = when you are done shopping
  • fährst du mit dem Bus zu mir? = will you take the bus to my place?
  • zusammen = together

S:3-2H: This exercise requires you to listen for the gender of the objects Claudio is looking for, in order to pick the correct Accusative pronoun for the answer. The last item is a bit different. Here are some more details:

  • 1. If Claudio asks about meinen Hammer, meinen Ball, meinen BMW ==> you know he’s using the masculine Accusative ==> only masculine pronouns can work ==> only “Ich sehe ihn im Garten” makes sense. “Es” could only refer to a neuter object, like “das Buch” or “das Baby.”
  • 2. If Claudio asks about “meine Deutschbücher,” the response needs to include a pronoun in the plural ==> only “Dein Vater schaut sie an” [Your dad is looking at them] makes sense, not “Dein Vater schaut euch an” [Your dad is looking at you all].
  • 3. Claudio asks “Wo ist mein Stift.” In the Nominative, both masculine and neuter nouns would be referred to by the pronoun “mein”: der BMW ==> Wo ist mein BMW?; das Auto ==> Wo ist mein Auto? ==> In this case, the only way you can decide on the correct answer is by knowing that “der Stift” is masculine: That means that only “Du findest ihn schon” has the right gender, and “Du findest es schon” does not.
  • 4. Claudio asks: “Mutti, haben wir keine Äpfel?” The apples are plural (singular would be “Mutti, haben wir keinen Apfel?”) ==> Only “Ich kaufe sie” makes sense, not “Ich kaufe ihn.”
  • 5. This one is a bit different. You have to decide what’s logical: would Claudio’s mom say “I can’t hear you” in response to his question, or would she say “I can’t hear me”?