Basic Chart of Forms of der/das/die, ein-words, Pronouns
Click the link for a PDF of the "Basic Chart" (also including the two-way prepositions) that will print on one page!
Learn the two charts on this page well, and everything else you do in German will become a lot easier for you!
Der/das/die and Ein-word endings (including endings for the possessive adjectives mein, dein, sein, ihr, unser, euer)
- Note the ein-word endings are the same as the der/das/die endings, except in the masculine and neuter nominative and the neuter accusative, where the ein-words have no ending.
- Once you know the nominative forms of der/das/die, you essentially know the accusative forms, which are the same except for the masculine accusative, where "der" changes to "den."
- For the Dative, the -m and -r endings are like the endings of English "him" and "her" as in "for him" and "for her."
- For the Genitive, the -s and -r endings are like the endings of English "his" and "her."
- To remember the accusative prepositions, use the acronym "O Fudge" [ohne, für, um, durch, gegen], or ask your instructor about chanting "Durch-für-gegen-ohne-um, Deutsch zu lernen ist nicht dumm." For the dative prepositions, sing "Aus-außer-bei-mit, nach-seit, von-zu" to the tune of the "Blue Danube" waltz, or think of the touching love poem "Roses are red, violets are blue, aus-außer-bei-mit, nach-seit, von-zu."
- The third person singular and plural pronouns roughly rhyme with the corresponding forms of "der/das/die" in the Nominative, Accusative and Dative: er <=> der, ihn <=> den, ihm <=> dem, sie <=> die, sie <=> die, ihr <=> der, es <=> das, es <=> das, ihm <=> dem, and in the 3rd person plural sie <=> die, sie <=> die, ihnen <=> den (sort of).
- For the "we" forms, note nominative "wir" sounds like English "we," and accusative and dative "uns" sounds like English "us."
- For the possessives, note "mein," "dein" and "sein" rhyme. The feminine singular "ihr" looks and sounds roughly like its English counterpart "her." The 3rd person plural form is also "ihr"; except in the Dative, the "she" pronouns are always the same as the "they" pronouns
Click here to do all these exercises in sequence (use the "weiter" button to get from one to the next), or click on the links below to pick out individual ones.
- pronouns and possessive articles This exercise includes the above mnemonic hints to help you learn these words; where there is such a hint, you can click on "Hilfe" to see it.
- accusative, dative and genitive prepositions This exercise just
asks you to choose the appropriate case for each preposition.